From the time of the ancient Egyptian religion until the end of the Middle Ages, incense resins were used in their original form or were only subjected to grinding. Christians used pure incense or a mixture of it with myrrh or styrax . One of the recipes is given in the Second Book of Moses ( 30:34 ):
And the Lord said to Moses: Take for yourself some fragrant substances: stuckti, onikha, halvana, fragrant and pure Lebanon, only half, and make them into the art of making a suit a smoking composition, worn, clean, holy, and interpret it finely, and lay it before the ark of the revelation in the tabernacle of the meeting, where I will open myself to you: this will be a great shrine for you ...
Since the 17th century, a special type of incense has been produced in the Athonite Greek monasteries, which is the standard for all Orthodox churches. Originally it was a ball-like mixture of crushed frankincense resin with aromatic myrrh oil. On the model of Athos incense, various other monasteries and private enterprises, according to secret recipes, make various-smelling mixtures with both boswellia resin and pistachio, juniper , pine, cypress, dammara agathis and other trees. The resin is ground into flour, essential oils , other aromatic substances and warm water are added to it. The thick "dough" is kneaded. Sprinkling with magnesium carbonate powder (to prevent sticking), roll the dough into a layer and cut into cubes, which are left to dry for two weeks, and then packaged.
In the meantime, there is no need to worry about it. ”
Resins are smoked on charcoal or with the help of special devices.